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32 articles

Artificial intelligence, the future of work, and inequality

2019-05-31 phys.org 327 artificialintelligence futureofwork

One of the most spectacular facts of the last two centuries of economic history is the exponential growth in GDP per capita in most of the world. Figure 1 shows the rise (and the difference) in living standards for five countries ...
Artificial intelligence classifies supernova explosions with unprecedented accuracy

2020-12-17 phys.org 173 artificialintelligence

Artificial intelligence is classifying real supernova explosions without the traditional use of spectra, thanks to a team of astronomers at the Center for Astrophysics | Harvard & Smithsonian. The complete data sets and resulting classifications are publicly available for open use.
Artificial intelligence speeds efforts to develop clean, virtually limitless fusion energy

2019-04-17 phys.org 118 ArtificialIntelligence MachineLearning

Artificial intelligence (AI), a branch of computer science that is transforming scientific inquiry and industry, could now speed the development of safe, clean and virtually limitless fusion energy for generating electricity. ...
Artificial intelligence technology could help protect water supplies

2018-07-18 phys.org 98 ArtificialIntelligence

Progress on new artificial intelligence (AI) technology could make monitoring at water treatment plants cheaper and easier and help safeguard public health.
Artificial intelligence can improve sales by four times compared to some human employees

2019-09-23 phys.org 95 ArtificialIntelligence MachineLearning

Chatbots, which use artificial intelligence to simulate human conversation through voice commands or text chats, incur almost zero marginal costs and can outsell some human employees by four times, so why aren't they used ...
Artificial intelligence designs metamaterials used in the invisibility cloak

2019-07-16 phys.org 91 artificialintelligence

Metamaterials are artificial materials engineered to have properties not found in naturally occurring materials, and they are best known as materials for invisibility cloaks often featured in sci-fi novels or games. By precisely ...
Building trust in artificial intelligence

2019-07-02 phys.org 88 AI artificialintelligence

From telecommunications to road traffic, from healthcare to the workplace—digital technology is now an intrinsic part of almost every area of life. Yet how can we ensure that developments in this field, especially those ...
Researchers design new material using artificial intelligence

2019-10-14 phys.org 85 artificialintelligence MachineLearning

Researchers at TU Delft have developed a new supercompressible but strong material without conducting any experimental tests at all, using only artificial intelligence (AI). "AI gives you a treasure map, and the scientist ...
Using artificial intelligence to detect discrimination

2019-07-10 phys.org 75 artificialintelligence MachineLearning

A new artificial intelligence (AI) tool for detecting unfair discrimination—such as on the basis of race or gender—has been created by researchers at Penn State and Columbia University.
Artificial intelligence and supercomputers to help alleviate urban traffic problems

2017-12-11 phys.org 53 artificialintelligence

Look above the traffic light at a busy intersection in your city and you will probably see a camera. These devices may have been installed to monitor traffic conditions and provide visuals in the case of a collision. But ...
Machine learning reveals earth tremor and slip occur continuously, not intermittently

2020-02-27 phys.org 50 Artificialintelligence

Applying deep learning to seismic data has revealed tremor and slip occur at all times—before and after known large-scale slow-slip earthquakes—rather than intermittently in discrete bursts, as previously believed. Even ...
Artificial intelligence bot trained to recognize galaxies

2018-10-31 phys.org 50 AI artificialIntelligence

Researchers have taught an artificial intelligence program used to recognise faces on Facebook to identify galaxies in deep space.
Artificial intelligence helps experts forecast icebergs

2020-01-28 phys.org 48 artificialintelligence

This year will see a relatively low number of icebergs drifting into busy shipping regions in the north-west Atlantic, according to a combination of control systems and artificial intelligence forecasting models developed ...
Artificial intelligence sheds light on membrane performance

2020-08-10 phys.org 43 artificialintelligence

Membrane separations have long been recognized as energy-efficient processes with a rapidly growing market. In particular, organic solvent nanofiltration (OSN) technology has shown considerable potential when applied to various industries, such as petrochemicals, pharmaceuticals and natural products. The energy consumed by these industries accounts for 10 to 15 percent of the world's entire energy consumption.
Artificial intelligence could revolutionize sea ice warnings

2020-06-18 phys.org 41 artificialintelligence

Today, large resources are used to provide vessels in the polar seas with warnings about the spread of sea ice. Artificial intelligence may make these warnings cheaper, faster, and available for everyone.
Artificial intelligence helps in the search for new antibiotics

2021-01-18 phys.org 39 artificialintelligence

With the search for new antibiotics becoming increasingly urgent, artificial intelligence offers valuable help. Smart software developed by Leiden Ph.D. candidate Alexander Kloosterman searched genomes of bacteria and found clusters of DNA that code for proteins that have an antibiotic effect. "This new search method is enormously promising."
Erosion in wind turbine blades solved with the help of artificial intelligence

2019-01-22 phys.org 39 ArtificialIntelligence

The erosion of materials used in wind turbine blades due to the effect of weather conditions is a problem that applies to the whole wind energy sector. VTT's antiAGE project found a functional solution to the material problem ...
Machine learning could improve the diagnosis of mastitis infections in cows

2020-03-09 phys.org 36 ArtificialIntelligence

The new study, published today in Scientific Reports, has found that machine learning has the potential to enhance and improve a veterinarian's ability to accurately diagnose herd mastitis origin and reduce mastitis levels ...
Artificial intelligence sheds new light on cell developmental dynamics

2019-04-01 phys.org 34 artificialintelligence

What happens inside a cell when it is activated, changing, or responding to variations in its environment? Researchers from the VIB-UGent Center for Inflammation Research have developed a method to best model these cellular ...
EU unveils ethics guidelines for artificial intelligence

2019-04-08 phys.org 33 artificialintelligence

The European Union presented ethics guidelines Monday as it seeks to promote its own artificial intelligence sector, which has fallen behind developments in China and the United States.